Am J Clin Nutr. Age, sex, ethnicity, body composition, and resting energy expenditure of obese African American and white children and adolescents. African Americans may have a lower resting energy expenditure REE than do whites, although the data are limited for obese children and adolescents and for boys. Differences in bone density and trunk lean body mass may account for some of these measured differences in REE.
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Gender and sexual vulnerability of young women in Africa: These encounters constitute sites within which sexual identities are developed, practiced and actively produced through processes of negotiation. Drawing on qualitative research conducted in 14 selected secondary schools in Central and Western Uganda, the study illuminates gendered sexual vulnerability within patterns of social interaction and young girls gendered experiences and negotiation of their sexuality. The study reveals that through social and discursive practices, students construct complex gendered relations of domination and subordination that position boys and girls differently, often creating gender inequalities and sexual vulnerability for those gendered as girls. Girls' vulnerability is characterised by confusing and traumatic experiences fraught with double standards and silences. Typical of these experiences are complex tensions and contradictions surrounding constructions of sexuality that are predicated upon unequal power and gender relations characterised by homophobia, misogyny, control of female sexuality and sexual abuse and exploitation, all which work against girls' expression of sexuality.
Schooling of girls and boys in a West African country: Glick P, Sahn DE. This study investigates gender differences in the determinants of several schooling indicators in Conakry, Guinea, using ordered and binary probit models incorporating household-level random effects. Such indicators include grade attainment, current enrollment, and withdrawal from school.
Boys who were overweight at 1—2 years had 5. Boys who were obese at 4—8 years had Discussion A key finding of our study is that in this cohort of South African children residing in a relatively poor but highly transitioned urban setting, boys and girls have very different patterns of incidence of overweight and obesity.